Bayesian Statistics in Archaeology

Null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) is the most common statistical framework used by scientists, including archaeologists. Due to increasing dissatisfaction, however, Bayesian inference has become an alternative to these methods. In this paper, we review the application of Bayesian statistics to archaeology. We begin with a simple example to demonstrate the differences in applying NHST…

Differentiating between cutting actions on bone using 3D Geometric Morphometrics and Bayesian analyses with implications to human evolution

Studies of bone surface modifications (BSMs) such as cut marks are crucial to our understanding of human and earlier hominin subsistence behavior. Over the last several decades, however, BSM identification has remained contentious, particularly in terms of identifying the earliest instances of hominin butchery; there has been a lack of consensus over how to identify…